Ingredient-Substitutions Chart
Replacing Missing Baking Ingredients

Missing something? Ingredient-substitutions can work with alternative-cooking-substances as recipe ingredients you need.

There are certain ingredient-replacements that you can make when you absolutely have to.

How many times have you been halfway through a recipe only to find that you are missing an ingredient and didn't realize? What would be the alternative replacement and not ruin your recipe?

It pays to always double-check first I suppose.

But these things do happen, and aggravating as it can be, many times the situation is quite fixable. There are ingredient-substitutions that you can make when in a bind.

Remember though, that each ingredient does have a function.

It is there for a reason, and when it is changed, something can else will be altered. It could be color, or taste or texture. It could be a number of things.

Having said that, use the chart "sparingly." Just use it in an unexpected situation. By all means, if you can go out and get the missing ingredient you are better off to do it. At least remember to replace the item soon.

In the meantime if stuck, refer to the chart. There are some items I know that can be replaced by other items, but I have chosen not to include them.

For those items, I believe you either have them or you don't.

measuring utensils

1 tsp. Allspice

Substitute 1/2 tsp. cinnamon and 1/2 tsp. ground cloves

Apple spice

Substitute 1/2 tsp. cinnamon, 1/4 tsp. nutmeg, 1/8 tsp. cardomom

Baking powder

Substitute 1/4 tsp. baking soda and 5/8 tsp. cream of tartar

Beef stock Base

Substitute 1 beef bouillion cube


Substitute 1 ounce unsweetened chocolate (for 3 tblsp. carob)


Substitute 1 cup tomato sauce, 1/2 cup sugar, 2 tblsp. vinegar

Chicken Base

Substitute 1 chicken bouillon cube

Chili Sauce

Substitute 1 cup tomato sauce, 1/4 cup brown sugar, 2 tblsp. cinnamon


Substitute 2 tsp. finely chopped green onions

Semi-sweet Chocolate Chips

Substitute 1 ounce unsweetened chocolate plus 4 tsp. sugar

Unsweetened Chocolate

Substitute 3 tblsp. cocoa plus 1 tblsp. butter


Substitute 1 ounce square chocolate


Substitute 2 tblsp. flour for 1 tblsp. cornstarch

Cream of Tartar

Substitute 2 tblsp. lemon juice


Substitute (for thickening purposes only) 1/2 tblsp. cornstarch or tapioca

Pastry Flour

Substitute 7/8 cup all-purpose (to one cup pastry flour called for)

Clove Garlic

Substitute 1/4 minced garlic or 1/8 tsp. garlic powder

Flavored Gelatin

Substitute plain gelatin and fruit juice

1 cup Mayonnaise

Substitute 1/2 cup yogurt

1 cup buttermilk

Substitute 1 cup plain yogurt

Sweetened Condensed Milk

Substitute 1 cup dry milk, 2/3 cup sugar, 1/3 cup boiling water, 3 tblsp. margarine

Dry Mustard

Substitute double amount of prepared mustard

Pumpkin Pie Spice

Substitute 1/2 tsp. cinnamon, 1/4 tsp. cinnamon and ginger, 1/8 tsp. allspice and nutmeg

Sour cream

Substitute 3/4 cup milk with 3/4 tsp. lemon

Plain Yogurt

Substitute 1 cup buttermilk OR 1 cup sour cream

Healthier Substitutes To Use When Baking

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